非谓语动词
寜静致逺 Lv3

总结一下非谓语动词……

主动 被动
一般式 进行式 完成式 一般式 完成式
不定式 to do to be doing to have done to be done to have been done
动名词 doing ———— having done being done having been done
现在分词 doing ———— having done being done being been done
过去分词 done ———— ———— ———— ————

固定搭配

  • It is/was + 名词 + to do sth. 做某事是…… (it为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定式(短语))
  • arrange for sb to do sth. 安排某人做某事。
  • go on to do sth. 做完一件事后继续做另一件事。
  • go on doing sth. 继续做正在做的事。
  • have sth. done 某事被做
  • have sb do sth. 某人做某事
  • be wothy of
  • be woth doing 动名词名主动表被动
  • keep sb informed of sth. 及时通知某人
  • practice dong sth.练习做某事
  • be supposed to do sth. 计划做某事
  • leave for 动身去
  • leave + 宾语 + doing 让某人或某物处于某种状态
  • leave + sb to do sth. 让某人去做某事
  • leave sb doing sth. 让某人一直做某事
  • leave sb + 形容词 让某人保持一种状态
  • allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事
  • allow doing sth 允许做某事
  • look forward to doing sth. 期望做某事
  • avoid doing sth. 避免做某事
  • catch sb dong sth. 抓住某人正在做某事
  • sb. spend some money/time (in) doing sth.
  • spend some money/some time on sth.
  • It takes (sb.) some time to do sth. 或 sth. take (sb.) some time
  • it cost (sb.) some money to do sth.
  • sb pay some money for sth.
  • only to + 不定式 表示一种出乎意料或非主关希望的结果
  • It’s no use (no good,no help,fun,a waste time) + doing It做形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动名词(短语)
  • enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
  • pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
  • mind doing sth 介意做某事
  • make oneself done 使自己被(别人)。。。。。。
  • sb./sth. + be动词 + said/thought/reported/believed/supposed…+to do
    相当于 It is/was said/thought/reported/believed/supposed…+that…
  • confess to doing sth. 承认做某事
  • appreciate doing sth 感激做某事
  • suggest doing sth 建议做某事
  • keep sth done 让某事被做
  • insist on doing sth 坚持做某事
  • hate to do sth.
  • happen to do sth.
  • astonish to do sth. 对做某事吃惊
  • frightened to do sth. 害怕做某事
  • delighted to do sth. 乐于做某事
  • risk doing sth. 冒险做某事
  • be devoted to doing sth. 专心于/致力于做某事
  • be/get used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
  • be used to do sth 被用来做某事
  • used to do sth 过去常常做某事
  • have a hard time (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

不定式

有些动词长跟不定式做宾语。这些动词有:

afford,agree,aim,arrange,ask,attempt,begin,claim,continue,decide,demand,desire,
determine,expect,fail,forget,happen,hate,hesite,hope,intend,learn,like,love,manage,
mean,offer,plan,prepare,pretend,promise,prove,refuse,seem,start,try,undertake,want,wish等

奇思秒记:

动词不定做宾语,期希渴欲下决心。

愿望碰巧承担起,假装安排不拒绝。

准备计划却失败,好像提供又犹豫。

企图要把目标证,爱恨要求做选择。

同意试图要忘记,声称继续要学习。

设法想要去承诺,开始询问做绝定。

动名词

以下及物动词和动词短语常用动名词作宾语,而不能用动词不定式作宾语:

admit,advise,advocate,allow,appreciate,avoid,consider,delay,deny,discuss,dislike,
enjoy,escape,finish,imagine,keep,mind,miss,permit,postpone,practise,prevent,quit,
recall,resent,resist,risk,suggest,tolerate,can’t help(禁不住)等

奇思妙计:

愤恨讨论停止作,阻止抵抗否避开。

建议考虑坚持练,允许想象不冒险。

不禁介意保持完,承认错过心喜欢。

回忆感激又逃避,厌恶容许又延期。

即可用动名词又可用不定式

  • forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事
  • forget doing sth. 忘记已做过某事

  • go on to do sth. 做完一件事后继而做另一件事
  • go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事

  • mean to do sth. 打算去做某事
  • mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

  • regret to do sth. 因将要去做某事而感到遗憾
  • regret doing sth. 因做了某事而后悔

  • remember to do sth. 记得要去做某事
  • remember doing sth. 记得曾经做过某事

  • stop to do sth. 停下手中的事去做其他的事
  • stop doing sth.停下手中正在做的事

  • try to do sth. 努力去做某事
  • try doing sth. 试着做某事

  • can’t help(to) do sth. 不能帮助做某事
  • can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
  • 本文标题:非谓语动词
  • 本文作者:寜静致逺
  • 创建时间:2020-04-02 20:15:00
  • 本文链接:https://hujiahao6.gitee.io/2020/04/02/非谓语动词/
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